The Impact Area Clean Energy & Energy Efficiency primarily drives innovation and Sustainability in energy generation, transmission, distribution and use. Clean and sustainable energy can be produced from a wide variety of sources (wind, solar, hydro, tidal, geothermal, and biomass) and by using always more renewable sources to meet energy demand nations can lower their dependence by fossil fuels and make energy production more sustainable and resilient.
In the US in 2014, renewable sources of energy accounted for about 10% of total U.S. energy consumption and 13% of electricity generation in 2013. The trend is increasing, as a result of the policy initiatives aimed to advance clean energy deployment.
Also the EU is strongly committed to clean energy, with the renewable energy directive setting a binding target of 20% final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020, and requiring Member States to adopt national renewable energy action plans in order to meet their own renewables targets. In 2013 the share of energy from renewable sources reached 15% while electricity generation from renewable sources, with necessary adjustments for wind power and hydropower, contributed 25.4 % to total EU-28 electricity consumption.
The variety and nature of technologies providing more efficient and sustainable solutions along the energy value chain is surprisingly wide. From the design of always more energy-efficient devices and equipments, to advanced and hybrid renewable energy generation plants, to storage solutions, through sensors and smart grids optimizing the use of electricity, to the use of technologies that enhance connectivity to optmize the way people work, goods are produced and services are provided.
Efficiency in the energy sector, from generation to energy transport, distribution and use is a crucial target to be achieved in order to ensure a more efficient, clean and competitive environment.