The entire transportation sector produced in 2012 7.0 GtCO2eq of direct greenhouse gas emissions (including non-CO2 gases) and hence was responsible for approximately 14% of total energy-related CO2 emissions. If we then split the transport-related greenhouse gas emissions (ghg) we can observe how 72% is due to road transport and the vast part of ghg emissions from transports are from carbon dioxide emissions generated by the combustion of petroleumderived fuels in internal combustion engines, diesel or gasoline.
In addition to the contribution to climate change and the environmental impact generated by the pollutants (e.g. VOC, benzene, PM, etc.) has been estimated that the time lost in congestion in the EU only costs nearly €100 billion, or almost 1% of the EU’s GDP, annually.
With this premises appears clear how this sector needs to achieve a new level of efficiency, both reducing the environmental impact generated (by all means of transport via sea, land or air) at all levels (urban, regional, national and international, intercontinental) and the severe congestion.
To achieve this objective it must be first improved the fuel economy of all means of transportation and must be introduced smart and innovative solutions that contribute to optimize the efficiency and accessibility of all the transportations’ value chains, leveraging on digital technologies, machine-to-machine and the emerging Internet of Things (IoT), to connect, inform, trace and allow interaction.
An improved, sustainable, mobility is not just a tool for efficiency, is also an answer to enhance the attractiveness and competitiveness of companies, urban areas, regions and countries.